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Somaliland: What Kind Of Lesson We Can Learn From Ethiopia!

“Meles we commit to fulfill your vision” a note on a pill board in Addis-Ababa.

It is hard to believe that Ethiopia once was one of traditionally famine, drought and economically decrepit nations in the horn of Africa when compared to its position in Africa today. Over the last twenty two years the Ethiopian economic crisis, political instability and droughts seemed to be overcome because of their leaders who adopted long-term strategic plans which spurred rapid growth, specifically the late leader meles zenawi who played a significant role in shaping and leading the country into the right direction. Ethiopia has been one of Africa’s most rapidly expanding economies, despite a lack of minerals or hydro-carbons which have boosted many of Africa’s other fastest growing economies.

Ethiopia is very complex country one of the things that make that complex is multi ethnic groups. It has a history of conflicts. It was feudalism up to the middle of the 1970 and socialism from 1974 to 1991. The country consists of 9 federal states and two city administrations.

Meles was born as Legesse Zenawi on May 8, 1955, in Adwa in northern Ethiopia, to an Ethiopian father and Eritrean mother. Adwa was the site of a major Ethiopian victory against invading Italian forces in 1896. He quit medical school at age 19 to take up arms with the Tigrayan People’s Liberation Front against Mengistu in 1975. He changed his name to Meles in honor of a revolutionary executed by the government that year.

Meles, was head of the ruling Ethiopian People’s Revolutionary Democratic Front, or EPRDF, and led Africa’s second-most populous country for more than two decades after building a coalition of rebel groups to overthrow Mengistu Haile Mariam’s Marxist military junta in 1991.

He received a master’s of business administration from the Open University in Milton Keynes, U.K., in 1995 and a master’s in economics from Erasmus University in Rotterdam in 2004.During those years he won four elections, enacted a new constitution, transformed Ethiopia into a federal state, witnessed the peaceful secession of Eritrea from Ethiopia, and engaged in a short war with Eritrea. In that time he went from being among Africa’s young lion leaders, to one of its most senior, steady and experienced heads of government.

He also succeeded in uniting the ethnic and religious diversity of the country by allowing people to manage their local affairs in an autonomous fashion, to use their own language, develop their own culture and to participate in the common federal political activities on an equal basis. This is what some people call ethnic federalism.

His economic policies, which mixed a large state role with private investment, helped the country achieve economic growth rates of as much as 12.6 percent. The economy expanded an average of 11 percent annually from 2004 through 2011, according to International Monetary Fund data.

Soon meles came into power his government implemented poverty reduction programs by creating political stability and economic growth in his impoverished country.

Many properties owned by the government during the previous regime have now been privatized and are in the process of privatization. However, certain sectors namely Telecommunications, Financial and Insurance services, Air and Land Transportation services, and retail are considered as strategic sectors and would remain under state control for the foreseeable future as well as he set up numerous small state industries such as sugar, textiles, leather and cement industries owned by the government, as a result of this, the government gets billions of dollars from them in every year and these are the major economic leading resources also he created a technical group of Ethiopian and international experts that was preparing a package of proposals to find a lasting solution to the economy, the group was putting the pressure on several priorities including improving livelihoods, agricultural and livestock production.

Agriculture is the backbone of the Ethiopian economy, accounting for 42 per cent of GDP and 85 per cent of export earnings in 2011 according to the African Development Bank. It has been a major focus of state economic support and with production increasing by an average of 8 per cent a year over the past five it has been an engine of growth.

Almost 50% of Ethiopia’s population is under the age of 18, and even though education enrollment at primary and tertiary level has increased significantly, job creation has not caught up with the increased output from educational institutes. The country must create hundreds of thousands of jobs every year just to keep up with population growth.

Therefore what kind of lesson we can learn from Ethiopia to be self-sufficient economically in a sustainable manner?

My concern today is that Somaliland needs a visionary leadership that shows us our hidden potential and directions with common objective of working together for their economic and social development, a leader that open the best in people and brings them together around a shared sense of purpose, a leader that builds a positive picture of the future, as well as a clear sense of direction as to how to get there. My desire is to see a leader that expresses great concern about the loss of skilled people and ask professionals and intellectuals who left Somaliland to a way that they can contribute to their country’s development.

To take forward steps similar to that of Ethiopia, first we need to invest ostensibly in areas such as: agriculture, livestock and light industries. The huge sum of money that are spent on unnecessary things must be directed and utilized by investing to income generating institutions that will boost the country’s weak economy.

And last but not least, we know that the road ahead is rough considering the many problems facing our nationwide, and we know that our resources are meager; but with our strong will and determination, we can certainly move mountains within our tenancy and leave behind a lasting legacy for the coming generation!

 

Written by: Farhan Abdi Suleiman (Oday)

Email: oday1999@yahoo.com

Hargeisa, Somaliland

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • Jabuutawi

    Rubbish.

    • PuntlandGeezer (PIS)

      yep iidooors are all rubbish, they think they can divide our country into colonial white trash village but wallahi they be ripped apart they know who they're messing with.

  • Assad

    Dear Farhan,

    I commend you for a well written and articulated piece of article. I for one couldn't agree more on the things you said about the examples and lessons that Somaliland and the whole region can learn from Ethiopia's late leader. No doubt he set the bar high for any leader in the continent to aspire and aim for the things he achieved for the two decades or so he's been in power. Despite his shortcomings at times overall he achieved great things for his people and country.

    Once more, well done for doing a good research on the topic and sharing your thoughts and views with fellow Landers!

    God bless you and God bless Somaliland!

  • Somaliland hero

    What a disgusting filthy website, and a filthy article. Kulaha ethiopia iyo meles. The murderer of Somalis everywhere.

    Im convinced this website is run by ethiopians, this is completely disgusting. Im from Hargeysa, but i disown these scum claiming to be one of us.

    Kula what we can learn from aidsthopia!! Atuuf!!!

    • foom

      ogadens deserve to be butchered

      • DEGAL

        OGADENS ARE OUR BROTHERS,,,WE ETHIOPIANS ARE UNITED AN 1 YOU SILLY TERRORISTS..
        LAST TIME I CHECKED US ETHIOPIANS ARE KILLING YOU TERRORISTS ON ARE LAND…
        AS FOR YOUR CRAP SILLY SITE HERE, YOU SOMALILAND CRAP IS OWNDE BY US ETHIOPIANS AN WE DONT PAY TAXS ON YOUR PORT…
        AS FOR YOU MOTHERS IN MY COUNTRY,,,WELL HORES TO MUCH OF A KIND WORD…
        YOU PPL ARE TERRORISTS ,WEAK,,AN ANIMALES,,,,,,,ETHIOPIA RULES,,,,,,

  • Ina Xadhigle

    Such a waste of time and effort.

  • osman Qaal

    The very important lessons that Somaliland's government can learn from Ethiopia's government is that to separate the state affairs from religions and treat civilians equally. I don't believe everything this article wrote but to my understanding, based on what I've gathered from various sources, Meles was not a visionary leader. He might initiated a few and far between mini projects here and there, but he had never utilized in his 20-year tenure all the potentials Ethiopia could offer to Ethiopians.

  • http://somalilandpress.com AMO

    If not eating raw meat, carrying HIV decease or completly giving up on showering and brushing up teeths??

    I honestly dont have a clue what else we could possibly learn from them

    • kaboon

      your mother eats donkey and hyena meat though

  • Omer Hussein Dualeh

    No one should insult the people of Ethiopia through website. that is not good for anyone, but my view about Atto Melez is that he missed out a good chance to build ever lasting peace between Somaliland and Ethiopia, when he refused to consider the suggestion of the highly placed Ethiopian politicians, military office and wise men. That suggestion was to un-dust the 1960 recognition of Somaliland by Ethiopia. This was a good chance to defuse the long time distrust between these two people and forever dismantle that problem of hate, even though as Somalilander, I believe we were not those who always instigate this enemity, but Somalia.

  • PuntlandGeezer (PIS)

    what is there to learn from Ethiopia? Aids, Pr@stitution, Eating raw meat????

    as long as the SNM are left to govern the great city of Hargeisa we will see more of these barbaric anti somali articles.

    • kaboon

      daroods are the biggest users of alcohol in whole on east africa. Last year, i went to addis abba and found that 69% of whores in streets where darood whores who wanted to gather money to leave somalia. I used one of those whores and she was cheap, only $13.78.

    • jamac

      Please remeber that there are atleast 10,000 darood females selling their bodies in Burco right now. darood= dhaqan xumo

    • DEGAL

      ETHIOPIA RULES,,,,,YOU SILLY SOMALILAND FAILED 2 VILLAGE STATE ARE FULL OF CRAP….HOES? FORGET THE DIRTY KHAT JUNKIE AIDS SO CALLED GIRLS,,,PLS,,,,YOUR KHAT JUNKI MEN OUR BENDING OVER LIKE HOES FOR US,,,,FACT…..ETHIOPIA RULES AN OWNS YOU HOES,,,SOMALILAND GIVE ME A BLOODY BREAK,,,,,INDEPENDENCE?OVER OUR DEAD BODIES……LOL,,KEEP EATING OUR DRUGS KHAT JUNKIE, AIDS CARRYING TRIBAL RELIGION APES…..BY THE WAY WE OWN BARBR PORT IN NOTHING,,,CAUSE WE SURE DAME DONT PAY TAX,,,,NOW WHOS THE HOE UNDER CONTROL GAY JUNKIES

  • Hanad

    Farhan,

    Somaliland needs political and cutlural revolution because the challenges ahead of Somaliland require remedy and rethink that even the detailed events of the pst cannot provide. Somaliland needs a leadership that must think anew and act anew. The need to invest knowlege and know-how, where private and public sectors work side by side is urgent. When efforts and ideas are joined the result will be imperative, when people are given the chance to take shares of our national projects, such as Berbera Cement factory, somcable, the income of the middle class will increase, thus boosting national economy grouth.
    The question is: Do Siilaanyo and his administation understand this? The answer is a resounding no..

  • Ilyas

    As muslims, we got Mohamad sala Allah calayhi wa salam as the greatest leader ever, and the greatest book which is Quraan, and this guy is asking Muslim people in somaliland what can they learn from meles and his country. What a disgusting people, and disgusting commentators who ridicule serious attempts to bring somalis together, but yet they hate to criticise such a unislamic and disgusting article.

  • gobanimo

    (Ardul xabash) known as Ethiopia this days is a blessed and ansiant land wich has a good islamic history its were The Prophets sala Allahu aleyhi wasalams companyen migrated from prosecution of the quresh idolaters, and they were welcomed and protected by the good cristian king that was ruling that time known as Ashama the negus or najashi meaning emprore may Allah have mercy on him ass he died muslim re named sied Ahmed al najashi and The Prophet sala Allahu aleyhi wasalm prayed an absent janasa prayer on him. I agree with this artical we can take some example of great leaders of Ethiopia like the king i mentioned or reformers like menes sanawi who gave better rights to hes citicens and avoide the short comings of the other ones.

  • waddaniyad

    Waddani

    Subhaanallah !! What can Somaliland (muslim people) learn from Ethiopia (Country run by Christians).
    Are they asking us to take the cross ? what a ludicrous suggestion. This website is not run by Landers, they are just using our name.

  • mohamed cheers

    Folks..careful about using obscene filthy languages. the women and all women should have their
    universal respects. And btw Ethiopia is a good big Horn of Arica country where from time
    immemorial Christianity and Islam lived together as brotherly neighbors as far as Religious
    affairs are concerned. It should be clearly understood and taken into proper context that both the
    Christianity and Muslims living in Ethiopia are somewhat 50-50 pct,..therefore, the current
    ruling powers should address any conflicts of the Ethiopian Nation to adapt to the practices
    of good governance and democratization modern civilizations for the benefits of all their people
    of diverse ethnicities. Somaliland by comparison is by far better off and leads good reforms in
    almost every field. The less population 3-4 million and less ethnicities conflicts and abundant rich wealth resources inland offland also puts the Somaliland better privileged than
    the 80-90 diverse ethnicities of Habasha-Ethiopia.
    Cheers.

  • DEGAL

    YOU SILLY TERRORIST NEED TO STOP MENTIONING AN TALKING ABOUT MY COUNTRY,,,,GREAT ETHIOPIA,,,,,,WE SHARE NOTHING IN COMMON AN ARE NOT AN WILL NEVER BE FRIENDS….THE ONLY REASON WE SPEAK IS CAUSE OF SOMALIAS PORT IN THE NORTH….NOT TO MENTION ITS BY FORCE AKA WE DONT PAY TAX…SO PLEASE DONT BRING US INTO YOUR SOMALI CRAP…..
    KEEP US OUT OF YOUR SILLY FAKE SITES…..ETHIOPIA HAS PEACE UNLIKE YOU TERRORISTS….

  • DEGAL

    TERRORIST,,,,,,

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