Published On: Wed, Feb 16th, 2011

SOMALILAND: A Disgraceful Repudation of International Justice

The Republic of Somaliland is situated in the Eastern Horn of Africa. It has internationally recognized borders, which were clearly demarcated by the British and that separate it from Somalia, Ethiopia and the Republic of Djibouti. Somaliland became a sovereign country after its independence from Britain on June 26, 1960. It was then known as the Republic of Somaliland and was recognized as sovereign country by 36 member states of the U.N.O.

The Republic of Somaliland entered in a controversial & illegal union with Somalia on July 1st, 1960. The people of Somaliland have benefited nothing from the union with Somalia, but were on the receiving end of thirty years of oppression, dictatorship and genocide. That union was annulled after the people of Somaliland have overwhelmingly voted in a referendum for the restoration of their independence from Somalia in the early 1990s, following the well celebrated SNM victory over the fascist regime of Siad Barre.

The Republic of Somaliland has always had multiparty and a democratic system, before it joined the illegal union with Somalia and again after the restoration of its independence. The current Somaliland government is freely, fairly and democratically elected by its citizens.

The geographic territory controlled by the current Somaliland Republic has not changed an inch, since the Berbera agreement between the British Government and the Somaliland elder’s in the early 1880s.

Hence, the Republic of Somaliland has well defined borders, a representative government, and a permanent population and has not made alterations to its colonial boundaries. Somaliland has recently entered into agreements with many countries that include some of the U.N.O Security Council members.

All these facts indicate that Somaliland is in line with the international legality of a sovereign nation. Regretfully, the international community is conditioning Somaliland to get the approval of the illegitimate Somalia entity, before it can be internationally recognized as a sovereign nation. Suffice to say that there is no international precedence of a similar case that was treated with such a prejudice.

Then again, Somalia has no defined borders since it claims all the Somali inhabited regions of Kenya, Ethiopia, Somaliland and Djibouti. Contrary to the international law and the Organization of African Union charter, the Somalia borders are infinite and Somalia is not even a signatory to Addis Ababa agreement of the African Union, which states that all union member countries are to respect the international borders as laid down by the Europeans before the independence of each and every country in Africa.

There is no Somalia government that exerts its controls over its territory. Instead, it is of common knowledge that Somalia is an anarchic entity and it is infested with sea pirates, warlord fiefdoms, and international terrorist and human traffickers. The people of Somalia did not elect the current so-called Transitional Federal Government of Somalia, which controls only few blocks in Mogadishu; therefore, Somalia has virtually no permanent population, no government and no territory of its own. Once more, Somalia is literally run by merciless terrorists, foreign non- governmental agencies and by the mercenary Ugandan forces’ commander in Mogadishu, and for that reason Somalia can not freely and legally enter into an agreement with another sovereign country.

Kulmiye Party supporters party after election victory in late June 2010

To the contrary, the Republic of Somaliland is independently doing more than its share in fighting sea piracy, international terrorism and respecting the international law, and therefore is helpful in maintaining the international peace, yet it is being asked to take an authorization for its sovereignty from what is internationally known to be an illegal entity – Somalia. Will any citizen of any country be eager to willingly consider his country joining in a union with a place like Somalia? If the answer is no, why then is Somaliland being forced to take such a catastrophic venture?

The reasoning behind this disgraceful repudiation of international justice to the Republic of Somaliland is quite perplexing to the law-abiding Somaliland citizens. This current international Somaliland status of “no recognition” is not conducive to future regional or international peace and stability. In conclusion, the international community has no choice but to uphold the international law and recognize the Republic of Somaliland without further hindrances, prejudice or procrastinations.

By Dr. Yusuf Dirir Ali, MD

  • Jay

    I agree with you Dr Yusuf Dirir and we have to continue to voice our issue and the interest of the region, thanks to Somaliland the Horn is now slightly more stable, it can now be considered a place where the seeds of democracy can be planted.

    Thanks to Somaliland, there is no war between Ethiopia and Somalia, war between Somalia and Kenya and Somalia laying territorial claims on Djibouti and trying to marganlize the Afar minority.

  • mohamed

    I can't find a better way of defining the true perception of the Somaliland political plight.
    Hopefully the S/land Govt. and the competent S/Land diaspora agencies will take heed of this
    highly articulated article thanks to the dedicated author.
    Cheers.

  • Hargeisawi-in-London

    The author notes two all-important points that many people may not be aware of: (a) ….contrary to the international law and the Organization of African Union charter, the Somalia borders are infinite; and (b) Somalia is not even a signatory to Addis Ababa agreement of the African Union.

    The exact opposite of (b) constitutes the nub of the case that Osman Hassan, Afyare Elmi and their ilk have been making against our withdrawal from that ill-fated union. You see, under minimum scrutiny one can show that many of their [ anti-Somaliland cretins'] arguments are spurious.

    Well done Brother.

    • Haykal1

      The fact of the matter is; the so-called "union" is symbolic and figurative. The Somali people for centuries were one people until the arrival of the western colonial powers who divided them into chunks; British Somaliland, French Somaliland, NFD, Italian Somaliland and so on.
      The article, apart from the tribal sentiment it contains, has many troubling grossly erroneous statements. Many will overlook these factual errors because they buy into the myth of "we were separate from the rest" argument.

      Beginning from turn of 19th century up until the 1960, the "British Somaliland" as they called it (Note;we did not participate in its creation) was illegally occupied. I will quote the famous Somali proverb which says "an ill-gotten she-camel does not beget a legitimate baby camel" .

  • Moh100

    !!Will any citizen of any country be eager to willingly consider his country joining in a union with a place like Somalia? If the answer is no, why then is Somaliland being forced to take such a catastrophic venture?!!!!

    What DR? are you sure DR is not Dirir? very amateur no wonder everyone is shaking their head!!

    • Haykal1

      I see your point and it is a good point given the fact you mentioned the ongoing crisis in southern Somalia. However, I encourage you NOT to make the "Union" myth, the basis of your argument.
      I can clearly understand if someone makes this statement " the Somali capital is a mess and we cannot wait any longer", that has some validity.

  • Ali

    Moh100

    You think you are pro, but in reality you can not stand the truth. Auuuch !! it is painful is it not?

  • Mohamed

    The "International Community" only acts when its obliged by law to do so. I suggest Somaliland officials to take this route than expecting the good will and humanity from the rest of the world.

    The trouble is, everybody is out there for themselves only. Nobody cares about anybody else unless they are obliged. That is why we must stop begging and start hiring lawyers playing the racist, islamophobic, and many other cards against the sponsors of the UN.

  • Somali

    LOOOL wallahi this guy gets crazier for every article he writes. Somalia went into a "illegal union" kulaha LOL

    You are proud of colonial borders that you had no particapation in. But you proudly deny the union where all of clans in Somalia agreed upon. And if North Somalia doesnt get out of this illusion, i seriously think they will have a heart attack when Mogadishu denies the referendum:D

  • Awdalboy

    People inside Somaliland/Northern Somalia wouldn't let their own future decided by groups like Snm and Ssc. Before a lot of issues were not so clear as they are today. If SNM was a group that represented throught the North, today we would't be divided into three groups, those who want to stay with Somalia, those who want to gain independent and those who want to established their own future political road map. Why would people in Awdal region buy the idea and arguments coming from groups like SNM and SSC.

    Why wouldn't other people leave the whole things the same you leave Somalia? why would we trust groups like SNM who are representing their own people. There are many questions surrounding the self mession on Somaliland. What whould stop the people in Borama to remain in Somalia, get their own local admininstration similar to yours. Self-determination is what we are saling to the world and that appalies all of us.

    • Kayse

      You can go to Somalia and join them as you wish. No one is holding you back. Dont give us another excuses like the people from Sool; who failed their people and blame Hargeisa for every thing. I mean they can go to Sool and do whatever as they wish other than violence. People of Awdal are constructing their region and no one is stopping them.

      You can fly to Mogadishu tonight if thats your dream.

  • Haykal1

    The fact of the matter is; the so-called "union" is symbolic and figurative. The Somali people for centuries were one people until the arrival of the western colonial powers who divided them into chunks; British Somaliland, French Somaliland, NFD, Italian Somaliland and so on.
    The article, apart from the tribal sentiment it contains, has many troubling grossly erroneous statements. Many will overlook these factual errors because they buy into the myth of "we were separate from the rest" argument.

    Beginning from turn of 19th century up until the 1960, the "British Somaliland" as they called it (Note;we did not participate in its creation) was illegally occupied. I will quote the famous Somali proverb which says "an ill-gotten she-camel does not beget a legitimate baby camel" .

    • Kayse

      Somalis were never one and never had a central authority. Name one ruler that ruled Somali territories, from Kismayu to Djibouti, Bosasso to Moyale.

      Centralism is not in Somali blood, never were one never will be one.

  • Hargeisawi-in-London

    Haykal1

    By the look of it, you are confusing two things here – the people and the land.

    Anyway, who told you that the so-called Somalis were/are all one people? Can you prove that without regurgitating that dubious crap: we share a common language, religion, culture,…….?

    You are correct to say that "hal xaraanihi nirig xalaala ayna dhalin", but I don't see the relevance of it, though, since one could ask with respect to which law was the occupation of Somaliland illegal then?

    • Haykal1

      explain how I am confusing as you put it "the people and the land".

      I have never seen an anthropologist who writes about Somali people as separate from each other. Since, you are looking for the evidence of the obvious, I grant your wish and I am giving you sites that will enlighten you, if you are willing.
      http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Somali_people

      http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/553841/

      If you believe otherwise, that Somali people are NOT one people, then explain how you are blindly advocating for Somaliland people as ONE?
      Isn't that hypocritical that you claim Somalis are not one people, but you have no qualms about Somaliland?

      • mohamed

        Take for example the Christian and Hijriya Islamic calendars….2011 and 1432.
        Many colonial powers changed hands. Interestingly enough the last contemporary powers
        from the 18th Century upto the current are the Western countries dominating the world order
        with their knowledge of scientifically technological achievements and strong institutions of
        world economic controllers. They are the ones who setup the world borders and they are the
        ones upto continue to oversight the same standards not to be taken by apache deceptive
        arguments of your type. I can only see that your arguments are outside the realities we are
        faced with and should be ignored as such.
        Cheers.

      • Kayse

        Somalis are not one people and language does not make people one. Besides the Somali language of Somaliland is not the same as that one spoken in Somalia. Take for example, Swahili is spoken in Tanzania, Congo, Dr Congo, Kenya, Burundi, Rwanda, Uganda, etc…why aint they one people? Surely the majority of them speak one language, have one faith and look the same.

        This view is flawd. Somalilanders think and act different to those from Somalia, they look different and have different goals—–these are what matters. There is no common goal between Somalia and Somaliland.

        If religion matters to you, go unit with Saudi Arabia, Afghanistan or Turkey.

  • Hargeisawi-in-London

    Haykal,
    (Somalilandpress asked me to split my comment into portions). Portion One:
    Have you seen an anthropologist who can substantiate your claim – that is, the Somali people are one ethnic group?

    What made you think that I had said, “ Somaliland has one ethnic group” ?
    As to the "evidence" you kindly provided, I am surprised that you hold Wikipedia in such high regard. For argument’s sake, let us go along with you and scrutinize what you termed “the evidence of the obvious" given on the Wikipedia link you referred us to.

    • Hargeisawi-in-London

      ……Portion One:
      Let us confine attention to Section 3 (The Genetics) on that page, since this is the most relevant section as far as my previous postscript is concerned. From the outset, in the following short discussion, I am assuming that you have read and understood the contents of the scientific papers the author of your Wikipedia page cited. He wrote, "….although a new tool that uses the genes of modern populations to trace their ethnic and geographic origins, has also helped pinpoint the possible background of the modern Somalis…."

  • Hargeisawi-in-London

    Haykal,
    (Somalilandpress asked me to split my comment into portions). Portion Two:
    The author of the Wikipedia , then, went on to say , “……Overall, these genetic studies conclude that Somalis and their fellow Ethiopian, Eritrean, and Northeast African populations represent a unique and distinct biological group on the continent…."

    Well! It is quite strange to say “…pinpoint the possible….”, but that aside, the results presented in these papers have not pinpointed anything nor did they make concrete conclusions. And I challenge anyone to prove me wrong. Here is the reason why I am so cocky: Phylogeny is a very complex inverse problem, and the current mathematical models employed in computational molecular biology are still only rudimentary; besides, in our case, available data sets are always prone to noise. Thus, the statement that “… has also helped pinpoint the possible background of the modern Somalis” is, at best, naive (and, at worst, very misleading).

  • Hargeisawi-in-London

    Haykal,
    (Somalilandpress asked me to split my comment into portions). Portion Three:

    I can go into the details of what has actually been reported in these papers, but perhaps, I should wait for your response.
    In short, in this area, the current mathematical models are inevitably going to yield poorly resolved phylogeny; and how one can use these results to infer common ancestral configurations is beyond me. Here, I am not implying that the authors of the cited papers made these wild claims, they did not – the author of the Wikipedia page did.

  • Awdalboy

    Kayse
    Can you put more than half of population in Borama who would want to go with you on a plane to Mogadishu? no way this is our land and towns and we always live there and will always will regadless of political sitution.
    Some of us continues to get international recognition for two decades and upto now no single answer came from the world community. Don't you think you are looking for samething in wrong places. Just the fact that you spent a lot of times for this cause and still unsuccessful should give you a hint this may never happen. I know why it will be hard for you to get the green light for recognition is because people in the North are not on the same boat. Some support the peace and stability and economic grows. Now the new administration understand they can no longer distance themselves from other Somalis.

    Also the world knows the situtation in Somaliland can become like the one in Somalia in any minute and the example is the Kalshale conflicts. The wold community can't affort wars break out between Somalis under the excuse of conolize border.Let me be more specific, will the world willing to recognized Burco and Hargisa if other cities and regions don't want.

  • mohamed

    Have you ever been or seen where this Kalshaale is situated? I bet you only heard of it.
    BTW Awdal is the first place the Isaaks great Hashimite SH.Isaak conquered when he migrated
    from the Arabian world into the HOA. Watch out the Isaaks are stretched across like a big rainbow
    umbrella over you guys so watch out and remain cool enough not to tease a big elephant.
    Cheers.

  • Ali

    Hayel,

    I have looked at your Wikipedia reference and found it biased towards one clan. Even the people who are given as examples are not the typical Somalis we know. They are not good examples of self-respecting and modest Somalis. I understand your nostalgia for the Old Siad Barre-one clan dictatorship, but my friend those days are gone forever. Was it you who edited the wikipedia lately?

  • Ali

    Hayel,

    I have looked at your Wikipedia reference and found it biased towards one clan. Even the people who are given as examples are not the typical Somalis we know. most of them are not good examples of self-respecting and modest Somalis. I understand your nostalgia for the Old Siad Barre-one clan dictatorship, but my friend those days are gone forever. Was it you who edited the wikipedia lately?

  • Sharmarke

    I agree with Ali. Everybody represented in those pictures hailes from one and only one clan, except for Qalanjo, gabayre and Adan Abdulla osman. If Haykel is honest about Somali unity he shouldn't have used this Wikipedia reference to proof his point. Now that we know his true colors he should keep his mouth shut about this Somali unity illusion. Somaliland does not share religion with shabab, Ahlusuna wa Jamaca, the TFG, they all believe in killing & rapping, Somaliland does not. We do not speak the same language you understand my language I do not understand yours.

  • somali

    ia m from awdal region and not gudubursi i would like to know why gudubursi is claiming awdal region whish is not belong to them whatsoever? and they better quit claiming …otherwise it will be and endless war over a small portion of somaliland

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