Published On: Mon, May 27th, 2013

Somalia:“Buffer zone” or suppression and massacre zone

It’s obvious that the independence of Somalia in 1960 created instability and chaos in Horn of Africa and whole East African region, because of the rough and arrogant policies adopted by the Somali leaders.
Having problems at home including clan worshipping, high rate of illiteracy, racial discrimination and backwardness, the first Somali government instead chose to pursue a dream known as “greater Somalia”, in which it had claimed territories in the neighbouring countries, Kenya and Somalia.
The dirty policies and the crazy dream plunged the country into brutal civil war and endless political turmoil.
Somali leadership in 1960
Soon after the independence clan-based power struggle erupted among the so-called Somali leaders on how to share country’s political posts. The dispute ended with some clans awarding themselves high portfolios without considering education background, experience or skills, but just because they belonged to certain clans. This formula gave an opportunity to several illiterate Somalis who served as Italian houseboys to became ministers or high ranking officials in the government.
Apartheid policy and discrimination
In line with the “greater Somalia” policy the government of Somalia had in 1960 adopted a secret policy of persecuting people of Bantu origins in Somalia. But the ultimate target was the Swahili speaking Bantus in Jubba regions, who were seen as a threat by the government, just because they speak the language of the “enemy” and have blood relationship with Kenya and other African countries. Somalis refer everyone with kinky hair and big nose as slave or “addoon” in Somali language. Almost every Somali still use this word “addoon” to refer Kenyans, Tanzanians, Burundians, Ugandans, Ethiopians and others.
The government has never allowed the international community to visit the areas inhabited by Wagosha people. A former Tanzania minister, Hasan Dyamwale was among the foreign officials who got into trouble by asking the condition of the Bantu people in southern Somalia. Dyamwale was in the Tanzanian delegation that visited Somalia in 1970ties to attend African youths games in Mogadishu and he received harsh response from Somali officials, when he asked a permission to visit the Swahili speakers’ areas in southern Somalia.
The government also ensured that the history of Goshaland is falsified with the intention of removing any sign of Swahili history in Somalia.
Resettlement of refugees
By nature Somalis are not law-abiding people, one of the major factor that caused the country to remain unstable and in chaos. Despite the Organization of African Unity treaty of recognizing the borders left by the colonial powers in the continent, Somalia ignored and refused to sign the deal. The government carried a mass campaign of calling Somalis in Kenya and Ethiopia to come to Somalia and resettle, since they are under what the Somali government called as slave powers, referring Ethiopia and Kenya.
Government funds were used to bring these people to Somalia and settle them in different Somali regions, such as Hargeysa, Hiiraan, Jubba regions and others, while the genuine Somali citizens were suffering. These refugees were also allowed to join Somali politics and served as ministers and military commanders as well. Notable figures in this group are:
Adan Abdulahi Nur (Gabyow) , who defected from Kenyan forces and joined Somali Armed Forces. He became Somalia’s defence minister in 1980ties and later formed clan rebellion against Mohamed Siad Barre.
Mohamed Omar Jes, from Ethiopia who served as minister in 1970ties till he died in 1987.
Col Ahmad Omar Jes, from Ethiopia, military commander who later on joined rebel groups that ousted Mohamed Siad Barre in 1991. Jes was among the most notorious warlords in southern Somalia, and is currently serving as a parliamentarian in Somalia’s TFG.
Mohamed Omar Osman, from Ethiopia who served as Somalia’s Navy Forces Commander. After the collapse of Somali state he went to Ethiopia to form Ogaden National Liberation Front, that is currently fighting against Addis Ababa administration and causing instability in the whole region.
Others include, General Adan Abdi Duale (former police chief) several ministers and parliamentarians in current Somali Transitional Government, and Mohamed Abdi Gandi, who claims to be the head of self proclaimed regional administration of Jubba regions in southern Somalia. He has never set a foot in Jubba regions, but intends to go there for the first time with the title of a president.
Massacre in Jubba Regions
While the international community and media highlighted the humanitarian disaster of Bay region, the worst disaster ever witnessed in the Horn of African region was ignored. That disaster hit Jubba regions in southern Somalia and it was against the Wagosha people.
Apart from the previous governments systematic discrimination, harassment and other types of mistreatment against Wagosha people (Bantu and Swahili speakers) in Jubba regions, the Darod clan warlords, who took control of Jubba regions announced along term plan of massacre against the Wagosha people. Brutal and blood-thirsty leaders, like General Mohamed Said Morgan, Adan Abdullahi Nur (Gabyow), Mohamed Abshir Muse, Bashir Bililiqo, Ahmad Omar Jes, Omar Haji Mohamed and several NGO officials who belong to Darod clan orchestrated and implemented the massacre of thousands of Bantu people in Jubba regions. Among the tactics used were to starve people to death, poisoning their crops, using weapons, forcing them to jump into Jubba river and many other brutal actions.
Some of genocide survivors in Jubba region say they saw Kenyan army members of Somali origin taking part in the mass killing and burning villages in Jamaame, Jilib and other areas in Jubba regions. According to the survivors, the Kenyan army were speaking Swahili and English languages, with their vehicles bearing Kenyan plate numbers.
During this massacre the Kenyan forces were under General Mohamud Mohamed, a Kenyan of Somali origin who belongs to Ogaden clan, a sub clan of Darod clan.
Wagosha people in Jubbaland
Since the end of 18th century, there has been a contest for resources and economic control in southern Somalia’s Jubba Regions. The race for resources in these Regions is between various groups with competing economic interests in the area and it is has been increasingly difficult for the original inhabitants to deter these groups from grabbing their land.
History books indicate that the earliest explorers found Wagosha people and Bajuni clans residing along the coastal and the riverine lines of Jubba Regions. As a pure Bantu land with their ancient kingdoms like Shungwaya and Nasib Bundo.
The Wagosha clans that are found in Jubba regions include: Giriama, Sambaa, Digo, Duruma, Wazigua, Rabai, Yao, Nyasa, Makua, Pokomo, Kambe, Chonyi, Jibana, Kauma, Ngindo Ribe and others and all were under the famous and major empire of Shungwaya in Jubbaland, with its headquarters in Kisima-Cha-Juu city, currently known as Kismaayo.
At the turn of 17th century members of these clans faced threat from Arab traders and nomad herders. This forced part of Wagosha people to migrate to Kaya or villages along the ridge behind the Southern Kenya coast.
The last King of Wagosha people was Mfalme Nasib Bundo who was arrested by the Italiand and died in jail in 1918.
Roughly translation of Gosha word is bush and that is why the people in this area are called Wagosha. The Wagosha people who settled in Kenyan coastal towns are known as Nyika, which also means, bush, but later on they chose the name Mijikenda.
The first nomad migrants of Jubba regions are believed to be nomadic communities from western Somalia regions in search of pasture and settled there around 1880 (research by Turton 1970, Dalleo and Little 1992) and settled in Afmadow.
In 1836 hundreds of Bantu families fled from persecution in other parts of Somalia, specially in Lower Shabeelle, Bay and Bakool regions and joined the Wagosha to become members of the large part of Wagosha people or Bantu clan in Jubba regions.
After Somalia attained independence 1960, clans from other parts of the country who were getting support from the government of the day flocked into these areas (look at Bestman’s research in 1994).
people).
Regional administration
According to Somalia’s Transitional Federal Government, the country should adopt regional states or administration, with the consent of the people living in the concerned area. But given the official apartheid system in Somalia, Wagosha people are doubting how this will be implemented.
In Jubba regions there are thousands of Ogaden refugees from Ethiopia, who do not want to go back to their country, despite stability and calmness in their region.
As per the law these are refugees, who have no any rights to involve in the country’s political system, while they remain a security threat to the region, specially to Kenya and Ethiopia.
Current threats against Wagosha
Currently there are indications that as the various militias continue to infiltrate the districts in Jubba regions, while influx of refugees of Ogaden clan from Ethiopia continue, the political leaders of Somali nomad clans are attempting to legitimate the takeovers by claiming that rural Bantu peoples are not really Somalis. Thus the threat to the Wagosha is not only physical, it also touches on their identities as Somalis.
As clan play a big role in day to day Somali politics, the neighbouring country, Kenya with the advise of few Ogadeni senior officials in Kenyan government is backing an administration that will be formed in Jubbaland.
Kenya has the right to take any suitable measure to ensure its security, but it has to be vigilant with the hidden agenda of its Somali ethnic politicians.
According to reliable international and Somali sources, Kenyan defence minister,Mohamed Yusuf Haji, with other Ogadeni officials in Kenyan government are backing the move just because, Mohamed Abdi Gandi, who proclaimed to be the leader of Jubba regions belongs to their clan.
Mohamed Abdi Gandi is among the Ogadeni refugees from Ethiopia who are living in Somalia and involved in the country’s politics.
Hidden clan agenda
With the security concern of Kenyan government, some elements took the advantage and called for illegal meeting in Kenya to form so called regional administration for Jubba regions.
Almost 95% of the representatives at this meeting did not hail from Jubba regions. Due to harsh conditions of Somali refugees in Nairobi, it was easy to lure some of them to be taken to Limuru to attend the meeting as Jubbaland residents.
The impostors were locked in Limuru for few days before announcing election of an Ethiopian citizen Mohamed Abdi Gandi, as the leader of Jubbaland.
Why Kenyan government does not want to talk to the genuine representatives of these regions and listen to their views, instead of allowing such shoddy meetings that will not bear any fruit.
“Buffer Zone”
The idea of forming a regional administration in Jubbaland and buffer zone still looks good, but few questions are to be answered by Kenyan authorities.
Its not a secret that most of the high ranking officials in Al-Shabab in Jubba regions are from Garisa in North Eastern Province of Kenya. For example the lucrative Kismaayo seaport is under a well known Garisa born figure.
All these Al-Shabab members from North Eastern Province have their families and children in the region. Their children are being served with the Kenyan taxpayers money, while their fathers are “headache” to the national security. Why the Kenyan politicians of Somali origin do not want to address this issue, and are pushing for a state in Somalia ruled by their clan.
Isn’t this a clear evidence that Kenyan government is being pushed in more trouble by few clan politicians, a move that will create more violence in Jubba regions, insecurity in Kenya and the whole region.

Drs Fatuma Lamungu Nur
PHD holder in International politics

Displaying 23 Comments
Have Your Say
  1. Omer Hussein Dualeh says:

    I concur with what Drs Fatuma Lamungu says, and something has to be done before its too late. The Kenyan President Uhuuru should stand along with the Wagosha people and should understand the wicked agenda of those Somalis in his government. I as far as I know, Kismayo do not belong to those who came from 5th Province of Ethiopia,Ogaadeens from NFD or any other tribe that has migrated from different regions of Somalia. The people of Somaliland oppose the oppression of the Wagosha people who are the legitimate endogenous people of that region in Somalia.

    It's unfair, that new demography is create in Somalia and endogenous people are denied their homeland. Those whom the Americans took to cultivate their land should be allowed to come back and fight for their land before these new illegal concurs dominate.

  2. Muna Abdi says:

    Issaq walk the walk and stop your double standards and get off the SSC DHULBAHANTE, DAROOD lands. LONG LIVE KHATUMO< PUNTLAND AND JUBBALAND

  3. PuntlandGeezer (PIS) says:

    You useless adoon monkey big nose bantu slave how dare you say the Ogaden are refugees? Ogaden along with Harti Darood are the true owners of Jubaland.

    Jubaland was Darood land till the Arabs traders captured your monkey adoon ass from the bushes of tanzania and illegal brought you to Southern Somalia to work as labourers.

    The president of Jubaland is gone kick out every single big nose bantu adoon.

    • kilo says:

      i love those bantus more then your ugly, backstabbing scum. They are more somali then you and your shoe stealing great grandfather.

      • PuntlandGeezer (PIS) says:

        lol how said I like your !!dooor habesha ugly ass?
        Get the f@ck out you habesha b@stard

        • kilo says:

          The founder of your tribe was a man who stole shoes from the mosque of Aden (Yemen) and then fled to the somali coast. Few hundred years later, his sons continue to steal things (Lands).

          Your tribe is the most hated tribe in the horn of africa, your people are the biggest refugee group in africa and your women are running away with west africans in the west.

          Darood is the lowest of the low

  4. Irir Samaale says:

    The Shungwaya kingdom has been debunked it's nothing more than a myth Wagosha people are all slaves.

    Bajuni are the only real indigenous Bantu people of Somalia but even they're not 100 Bantu but Swahili that said what they described they went through on the other hand is true.

    PS Ghandi is no longer in the driving seat but Madobe is

    • PuntlandGeezer (PIS) says:

      don't you act all innocent now you spread your precious propaganda how Jubland was always owned by jareer because of your deep rooted hatred towards Darood family now these monkey adoon jareer big nose who today are even denying that they were ever slaved.

      So Irir Samaale ………………. who are the Somali bantu aka Jareer bantu? http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Somali_Bantu

      In wikipedia its says the somali bantu were slaves from Tanzania who were captured by Arabs traders from the bushes.

      But in your deluded Hawiya moron brain how can these jareer bantu foreign nationals from Tanzania own the fertile region in Somalia?

      • A. Kasamila Mganga says:

        Mar hore ayaa laguu sheegey in beenta aad aduunyada ku fidiseen oo laga daba yimid, dadkii u dhasheen dadkanayaa maanta taariikhda aduunyada iyo Jaamacadaha waaweyn ay wax ka qoraan, wiliga afkaa ku hay Midgaan, Muuse Dheriile,Yaxar,iyo adoon.
        Waxaa xaqiiqda ah in Baantuuda ku nool Somaaliya taariikhdeeda la hayo ee ma aha mid idinka aad qorqorteen.
        Drs Fatima Lamungu ayaad qoraaladeeda aad hesheen,mar dhow waxaad arki doontaan in taariikhda dhabta ah ee Horn of Africa oo ay qoreen aqoonyahanada Wagosha oo ku nool gudaha dalka iyo dibadiisa….marka ku fikir wixii aad ka yeeli lahay.

      • Irir Samaale says:

        First yes they were once slaves but now just like you they're Somalia's citizens.

        Second don't be a retard i wasn't just talking about them only even tho it seems they're the worst hit but also Rahanweyn Gaaljecel Sheekhaal Biyomaal Cawramale Bajuni ect

      • Omar says:

        Nigga you cited Wikipedia as a source that is not a source. who wrote the crab about Somali bantu in Wikipedia your uncle. its documented in all history books that southern Somalia is Somali bantu land and that you guys are intruders, and soon we will take that land back and your reign of terror and corruption will finally come to an end.

    • Osman jama says:

      Liar, you are a majirteen or Dhullo. in disguise coward. Stop desecrating, stop contaminating our name

  5. Ku-rujiye Kama-kace says:

    As a matter of facts, I have no much doubts about the contents of this article as all available records indicate that the Daroods were newcomers to the Juba regions as well as NFD of Kenya. In 1963, when Kenya obtained her independence from Great Britain and the Somali people in NFD vigorously demanded and fought to be part of Somali Republic, then British Authorities at the time declared that the bulk of Somali nomads arrived to that part of Present Kenya in late years of 18th century while the British authorty was there, therefore it was one of the reasons that the Norhern Frontier District (NFD) was annexed to Kenya even though the British used to administer that area differently.

    As for current crisis in Jubalands, it is well known that the Jubaland State was/is all about a Darod project that began in mid 1970's when Siad Barre created Gedo and many other unproductive regions for Darods in order to have more leverage and more representatives in all political scenes of former Somali Republic, and the simple evidence of the Darod Plan was that when Siad Barre Regime settled all Absame refugees from Ethiopia in non-Darod regions, i.e Middle Juba, Hiran and Western region which was composed of Borama, Gabiley, Hargeisa and Berbera districts. In mid 90's a man from Abusguul clan told me that his clan were the majority in Middle Jubba Region and when I asked him how it happened since his clan (Abusguul) were known to be in Jigjiga area, then he replied to me that they had settled there after Somalia/Ethiopia war in 1977.

    Now, what raised the situation in Jubalands to that extent is that the new facesor newcomers who had never been or known in these areas before the fall of Siad regime are now running for the leadership, I think if Ahmed Madobe or Gaandi were belonged to the endogenous people of these regions regardless of their tribal affiliations, the whole situation have been a different story. Anyways, let's wait and see what comes next.

  6. Kuluc says:

    There are people who fail to absorb friendly and brotherly advices given to them. This is not because thye do not trust other people's advices, but because it is hard for them to sense the signs, indications and expectations, as to whether what they intend to do is right or wrong, They only realize that their imagination will become fruitful becasue they see things as they are imagined rather than as they are in real truth.

    Majerteens and ogadens belong to this kind of people. They were the people who, with all their might, mind and muscle staunchly supported Siad Barre Afweyne – Aflahaar, and they did not and still do not seem to learn from the lessons that really happened to Siad's regime and his allies.

    Ogadens dreamt that they might grab Somaliland, properly, Berbera, Hargeisa, and Erigaaboe, and Majerteens thought to own Somalia. This was just because Siad Barre and his allies believed that they could eliminate Isaaq and Hawiye This was a true story that no one can deny. The resutl?

    The Ogadens fled to Ogaden region and Marteenis fled to their homeland, Bosaaso, when SNM and USC of Hawiye defeated Siad Barre's regime – a regime which had the heavies miliatry equipment and the second strongest army in black Africa.

    Today, history repeats itself in Kismayo. The Marjerteens and Ogadens are totally lost as they were lost yesterday. Jubaland canno be so easily taken/grabbed. There are natives who are ready to fight for their land.
    Thes best piece of advice that I can give Majerteens and Ogadens is: please get your asses up and go back to where you are born to.

  7. Olad says:

    I wonder why the same people who claim some part of Somaliland as their clan land and not part of Somaliland, and instead call it part of Pirateland, are today the same people claiming a place thousand of miles from Pirateland as theirs?

    Something does not add up here and only a fool will believe anything that comes from the mouth of Pirateland leaders and its supporters. Jubaland belongs to its natives, not an Immigrants from pirateland, garissa or Ogadenia. It does not make a sense, and if it does not make a sense, it should be rejected by all Allah loving people of Somali origin.

    • PuntlandGeezer (PIS) says:

      lol Majerteen are a Large clan and not like those minority Isaaq who are confined in three villages.

      • kilo says:

        darood boy, the daroods only have boosaso, half of puntland belongs to hawiye. your darood bothers are in Ethiopia and Kenya being treated like dogs.

        Who is the minority kkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkk

        we will get habar jeclo to wipe the whole darood clan in few days kkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkk

  8. Osman jama says:

    The chickens are coming back to roast, the sun has set for the Darood lies, destruction, the false wrapping themselves against the fake blue flag they molested, raped, destoryed, and dragged on the ground. Jubbaland is not your land. You are settlers and refugees who came there yesterday. The indigenous people of the Jubba valley wil soon march on you.get out from that area before it is too late. Darood you have only Barre, the piece of barren patchwork, where there is no water.

  9. mohamed cheers says:

    Prof. DRS F.L Nur as always presents true picture of the Wagosha people. The conflicting
    tribal confrontations in Jubbaland could not be resolved without the SFG in Mogadiscio.
    No body else has the authority to deal with these problematic issues.
    Cheers.

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