Colonial Period of Ottoman Occupation on Somaliland about 466 years ago. Somaliland records of its own history and heritage is extremely poor and grounded in unproven verbal claims. But those discoveries could simply rewrite the history that was not part Somalia except the period of during the East African Campaign of WWII, the protectorate was occupied by Italy in August 1940, and recaptured by the British in summer 1941. Some Italian guerrilla fighting (Amedeo Guillet) lasted until 1942. The conquest of British Somaliland was Italy’s only victory (without the cooperation of German troops) in WWII against the Allies… Of course the presentation of the past to the World is a big responsibility and a duty CHECK HER AT. http://goo.gl/V2OWo
Then, from 1960 to 1991 is an only interaction between Somaliland and Somalia civilizations and restoring the history of a civilization is liberation from tailored colonial dates. In 1548 CE, the port city of Zeila was annexed by the Ottoman Empire. The reason for this was that Zeila is situated in a strategic location on the Red Sea because it is near the Bab el Mandeb strait; a key area for trade with the East.
For 300 years, Zeila enjoyed trade with other countries and was home to Arab, Persian and even Indian merchants. On 1884, when the empire was on the brink of collapse; Egypt, an Ottoman vassal at that time, occupied western parts of Somaliland, the other regions being controlled by Somalilander clans. Then, During the Scramble for Africa era, the region now claimed by Somaliland was the British Somaliland Protectorate.
In the Classical era, the city states of Malao (Berbera) prospered, and were deeply involved in the spice trade, selling myrrh and frankincense to The Romans and Egyptians Somaliland and became known as hubs for spices mainly cinnamon and the cities grew wealthy from it the Perilous of the Eritrean sea tells the story that the northern Somaliland and regions of modern-day Somalia were independent and competed with Aksum for trade.
Recent Modern History
Majority Somalilanders only virtualized the existence of economic infrastructure left behind by British, Russian, and American military assistance programs.
But what is the significance of other discoveries?
The awareness of prehistoric sites in Somaliland is strongly high its significance is undervalued. There are mainly Neolithic rock paintings in the plateau of regions of East Somaliland mixtures dates between Egyptians and Turkish on this issue. The caves are located in a rural area on the outskirts of Hargeisa. They contain some of the earliest known cave paintings in the Horn of Africa. Laas Gaal’s rock art is estimated to date back to somewhere between 9,000–8,000 and 3,000 BCE.
Those prehistoric sites will reveal and determine the origins of Somaliland if properly handled from local authorities, scientists, historians. Many African countries are re-writing and protecting their national history, as we have seen the return of the obelisk Aksum, the archaeological discoveries of Laas Gaal and so on…The rock art makes up one of the oldest and most extensive records on Earth of human thought. It shows the very emergence of the human imagination. It is a priceless treasure. And it is irreplaceable.
Level of Importance and Distributions
Uniquely, this documented is content of Somaliland history while young generation dominated nation of 70%) not knowledgeable or award the existence of such national historic information.
It was collection efforts articulations that objectively prepared particularly for a part of contribution and distributions in coverage of the last London Conference on Somalia targeted to UK public and participants through Somaliland Foreign Office. Realistically, this piece of written history has made Somaliland history differentiated from Somalia during Conference gathered delegations.
In regarding, “level of in importance”, it’s an exerting as political instrumental tools to be used again for upcoming Istanbul Meeting and up to the best knowledge, this document is very rare in public media which can’t be found in anywhere else or published nor reported publicly before, as 99% of Somaliland young generation never read and heard such an old history written records. Let alone outside world especially targeting Turkish officials that currently visiting Somaliland.